Types of Macular Degeneration:
There are two main types of Macular Degeneration:, Dry and Wet.
Dry Macular Degeneration is the most common type of the disease. It is also the least serious. In this type, the macula is slowly damaged by protein deposits. Because it is so slow, vision loss is gradual. In a few cases, patients can develop Wet Macular Degeneration.
Wet Macular Degeneration is more serious. It forms when blood vessels grow under the macula. Vision loss can occur within days.
In rare cases, young people can also get Macular Degeneration. This is called Juvenile Macular Degeneration. It is almost always caused by a genetic disorder.
Causes & Risk Factors:
The exact cause is unknown. It usually forms as the eye ages, so it is most common in the elderly. Your risk may be higher if you have a family history of Macular Degeneration.
To lower your risk, you should:
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Use sunglasses to protect your eyes in the sun
- Avoid drinking excessive alcohol
- Avoid smoking & tobacco