Dr. R. Kim

Chief Medical Officer
Senior Medical Consultant, Retina & Vitreous Services
Director, Information Technology & Systems
Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai

Dr. R. Kim began his career as Consultant in Vitreous Retina Services at Aravind eye hospital, Madurai and later became the chief of the clinic. He is the Director of Aravind’s telemedicine network and IT services. He is also the Chief Medical Officer of Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai.

Dr. Kim graduated in medicine in the year 1988 from Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada. He completed Diploma in Ophthalmology from Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai in the year 1991 and Diplomate of National Board from Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai in the year 1994.

Dr. Kim has published several research papers in peer reviewed International Journals, State Journals; 3 Publications about Teleophthalmology and has authored 2 book chapters so far.

List of publications in Peer-Reviewed Journals

  1. Sen S, Mishra C, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K, Rameshkumar G, Lalitha P. Incidenceand outcomes of endophthalmitis with in-house compounded intravitrealbevacizumab injections: A multicentric study. Semin Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar22:1-10. Epub ahead of print.
  2. Sen S, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K. Comment on “Evolution of dome-shaped macula isdue to differential elongation of the eye predominant in the peri-dome region”.Am J Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar 2. [Epub]
  3. Raman R, Ramasamy K, Rajalakshmi R, Sivaprasad S, Natarajan S. Diabetic retinopathy screening guidelines in India: All India Ophthalmological Society diabetic retinopathy task force and Vitreoretinal Society of India Consensus Statement. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar;69(3):678-688 4
  4. Kulkarni S, Ramachandran R, Sivaprasad S, Rani PK, Behera UC, Vignesh TP,Chawla G, Agarwal M, Mani SL, Ramasamy K, Raman R. Impact of treatment ofdiabetic macular edema on visual impairment in people with diabetes mellitus inIndia. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar;69(3):671-676.
  5. Ramasamy K, Mishra C. Capacity building for diabetic retinopathy screening byoptometrists in India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar;69(3):482.
  6. Kannan NB, Jena S, Sen S, Kohli P, Ramasamy K. A comparison of usingdigitally assisted vitreoretinal surgery during repair of rhegmatogenous retinaldetachments to the conventional analog microscope: A prospective interventionalstudy. Int Ophthalmol. 2021 Feb 8.[Epub]
  7. Damodaran S, Babu N, Sen S, Arthur D, Ramasamy K. Frugal model for scleral fixated intraocular lens simulation. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2021 Feb;69(2):463-464.
  8. Kannan NB, Sen S, Mishra C, Lalitha P, Rameshkumar G, Kumar K, Rajan RP,Ramasamy K. Ten-year trends in the incidence, clinical profile and outcomes ofacute-onsetendophthalmitis following combined pars plana vitrectomy andsutureless, glueless and flapless scleral fixation of intraocular lenses. IntOphthalmol.2021 Jan 29.[Epub]
  9. Rajan RP, Kannan NB, Sen S, Lavanya C, Jena S, Karthik Kumar, Vijayalakshmi P, Kim R. Clinico-demographic profile and outcomes of 25-gauge vitrectomy in advanced stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity. Graefes Arch ClinExp Ophthalmol. 2021 Jan 6. [Epub]
  10. Kannan NB, Sen S, Prithviraj U, Ramachandran O, Ramasamy K. Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography-Based Morphofunctional Characterization of Dome-Shaped Maculopathy in Indian Population. J Ophthalmol. 2020:8869455.
  11. Sivaprasad S, Raman R, Rajalakshmi R, Mohan V, Deepa M, Das T, Ramasamy K, Prevost AT, Wittenberg R, Netuveli G, Lingam G, Hanif W, Ramakrishnan R, Ramu J, Surya J, Conroy D; SMART India Study Collaborators. Protocol on a multicentre statistical and economic modelling study of risk-based stratified and personalised screening for diabetes and its complications in India (SMART India). BMJ Open. 2020 Dec 12;10(12):e039657.
  12. Sen S, Rajan RP, Damodaran S, Arumugam KK, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K. Real-world outcomes of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor monotherapy in proliferative type 2 macular telangiectasia. Graefes Arch ClinExp Ophthalmol. 2020 Nov 17. [Epub]
  13. Kumar J, Adenuga OO, Singh K, Ahuja AA, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K. Clinical characteristics of morning glory disc anomaly in South India. Taiwan J Ophthalmol. 2020 Oct 19. [Epub]
  14. Kannan NB, Manjunatha M, Kumar J, Adenuga O, Ramasamy K. Bullous central serous chorioretinopathy associated with retinal pigment epithelial tear. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jul-Sep;27(3):195-197.
  15. Kannan NB, Sen S, Reddy H, Kumar K, Rajan RP, Ramasamy K. Preoperative COVID‑19 testing for elective vitreoretinal surgeries: Experience from a major tertiary care institute in South India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020 Nov;68(11):2373-2377.
  16. Kannan NB, Sen S, Lalitha P, Mishra C, Rameshkumar G, Hariharan G, Siva Ganesa Karthikeyan R, Ramasamy K. Challenges in Post-cataract Surgery NocardiaEndophthalmitis: Management Strategies and Clinical Outcomes. OculImmunolInflamm. 2020 Oct 6:1-6. [Epub]
  17. Kumar J, Kohli P, Babu N, Krishnakumar K, Arthur D, Ramasamy K. Comparison of two ultra-widefield imaging for detecting peripheral retinal breaks requiring treatment. Graefes Arch ClinExp Ophthalmol. 2020 Sep 24. [Epub]
  18. Babu N, Kohli P, Kumar K, Rajan RP, Baliga G, Sen S, Ramachandran NO, Bhavani S, Ramasamy K.Two-staged surgery as an alternative to buckle–vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment complicated by choroidal detachment. Int Ophthalmol. 2020 Aug 28. [Epub]
  19. Vignesh TP, Maitray A, Sen S, Chakrabarti A, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K. Subthreshold Micro-Pulse Yellow Laser and Eplerenone Drug Therapy in Chronic Central Serous Chorio-Retinopathy Patients: A Comparative Study. Semin Ophthalmol. 2020 Aug 27:1-9. [Epub]
  20. Kannan NB, Sen S, Kohli P, Ramachandran O, Ramasamy K. Clinical Spectrum and Long-Term Anatomical and Functional Outcomes of Pars Plana Vitrectomy in Retinal Detachments Associated With Choroidal Coloboma.J Vit Ret Dis. 2020 Mar;4(2):103-109.
  21. Naresh Babu Kannan, Sagnik Sen, SouravDamodaran, Meri Debbarma, Renu P. Rajan, Karthik Kumar, and Kim Ramasamy. Sutureless Scleral-Fixated Intraocular LensImplantation for Refractive Rehabilitation in Eyes with Spherophakia. J Vit Ret Dis. 2020 Jul. [Epub]
  22. Babu N, Kohli P, Mishra C, Sen S, Arthur D, Chhablani D, Baliga G, Ramasamy K. To evaluate the effect of COVID-19 pandemic and national lockdown on patient care at a tertiary-care ophthalmology institute. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:1540-1544.
  23. Rajan RP, Sen S, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K. Choroidal metastases as a presenting manifestation of neuroblastoma. BMJ Case Rep. 2020;13:e235730.
  24. Kumar K, Kohli P, Babu N, Khare G, Ramasamy K. Incidence and management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after pars plana vitrectomy and suturelessscleral-fixated intraocular lens. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:1432-1435.
  25. Mishra C, Kannan NB, Sen S, Singh K, Damodaran S, Kohli P, Kumar K, Rajan RP, Baliga G, Ramasamy K. Clinical presentation and prognostic factors affecting surgical outcomes of secondary macular holes after retinal vein occlusions.Int Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 12. [Epub]
  26. Gupta V, Rajendran A, Narayanan R, Chawla S, Kumar A, Palanivelu MS, Muralidhar NS, Jayadev C, Pappuru R, Khatri M, Agarwal M, Aurora A, Bhende P, Bhende M, Bawankule P, Rishi P, Vinekar A, Trehan HS, Biswas J, Agarwal R, Natarajan S, Verma L, Ramasamy K, Giridhar A, Rishi E, Talwar D, Pathangey A, Azad R, Honavar SG.Evolving consensus on managing vitreo-retina and uvea practice in post-COVID-19 pandemic era. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:962-973.
  27. Sivaprasad S, Raman R, Conroy D, Mohan V , Wittenberg R, Rajalakshmi R,Majeed A, Krishnakumar S, Prevost T, Parameswaran S, Turowski P, Maheswari U,Khobragade R, Netuveli G, Sadanandan R, Greenwood J, Ramasamy K, Rao M, Bergeles C, Das T; ORNATE India Project Group. The ORNATE India Project: UnitedKingdom-India Research Collaboration to tackle visual impairment due to diabetic retinopathy. Eye (Lond). 2020 May 12. [Epub]
  28. Sengupta S, Honavar SG, Sachdev MS, Sharma N, Kumar A, Ram J, Shetty R, RaoGS, Ramasamy K, Khanna R, Jain E, Bhattacharjee K, Agarwal A, Natarajan S, Lahane TP; Writing Committee on behalf of the All India Ophthalmological Society – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology Expert Group for COVID-19 Practice Guidelines; Composition of the All India Ophthalmological Society – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology Expert Group for COVID-19 Practice Guidelines includes the Writing Committee (as listed) and the following members (in alphabetical order by the first name): All India Ophthalmological Society – Indian Journal of Ophthalmology consensus statement on preferred practices during the COVID-19 pandemic. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:711-724.
  29. Babu N, Kohli P, Ramachandran NO, Adenuga OO, Ahuja A, Ramasamy K. Comparison of platelet-rich plasma and inverted internal limiting membrane flap for the management of large macular holes: A pilot study. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:880-884.
  30. Sen S, Lalitha P, Mishra C, Parida H, Rameshkumar G, Kannan NB, Ramasamy K. Post-cataract Surgery Fungal Endophthalmitis: Management Outcomes and Prognostic Factors. OculImmunolInflamm. 2020 Apr 10:1-7. [Epub]
  31. Babu N, Baliga G, Kohli P, Ramasamy K. Management of double optic disc pit complicated by maculopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:663-665.
  32. Hyungtaek Rim T, Ryo K, Tham YC, Kang SW, Ruamviboonsuk P, Bikbov MM, Miyake M, Hao J, Fletcher A, Sasaki M, Nangia V, Sabanayagam C, Yu M, Fujiwara K, Thapa R, Wong IY, Kayama T, Chen SJ, Kuang TM, Yamashita H, Sundaresan P, Chan JC, van Rens GHMB, Sonoda KH, Wang YX, Panda-Jonas S, Harada S, Kim R, Ganesan S, Raman R, Yamashiro K, Gilmanshin TR, Jenchitr W, Park KH, Gemmy Cheung CM, Wong TY, Wang N, Jonas JB, Chakravarthy U, Cheng CY, Yanagi Y, Saenmee A, Cao K, George R,Kazakbaeva GM, Khalimov TA, Khanna RC, Kim HW, Kulothungan V, Nangia P, Mao F, Matsuda F, Meng Q, Namba H, Pokawattana N, Oh J, Park SJ, Ravindran R, Sharma T, Shin JP, Surya J, Takahashi A, Takebayashi T, Tsujikawa A, Vashist P, Wei WB, Yang X, Yu SY, Zainullin RM, Zhao PQ. Prevalence and Pattern of Geographic Atrophy in Asia: the Asian Eye Epidemiology Consortium. Ophthalmology. 2020 Apr 25. [Epub]
  33. Verma A, Alagorie AR, Ramasamy K, van Hemert J, Yadav NK, Pappuru RR, Tufail A, Nittala MG, Sadda SR, Raman R; Indian Retina Research Associates (IRRA). Distribution of peripheral lesions identified by mydriatic ultra-wide field fundus imaging in diabetic retinopathy. Graefes Arch ClinExpOphthalmol.  2020;258:725-733.
  34. Rajan RP, Kohli P, Babu N, Dakshayini C, Tandon M, Ramasamy K. Treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) outside International Classification of ROP (ICROP) guidelines. Graefes Arch ClinExp Ophthalmol. 2020 Apr 22. [Epub]
  35. Babu N, Kumar K, Kohli P, Ramasamy K. Apparent double macular hole caused by vitreomacular traction. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:518-519.
  36. Kannan NB, Sen S, Ramachandran O, Ramasamy K. Management of coexistentchoroidal neovascular membrane and macular hole with serous detachment in a case of pathological myopia: challenges and dilemmas. BMJ Case Rep. 2020;13.
  37. Babu N, Kohli P, Ramasamy K. Comparison of various surgical techniques for optic disc pit maculopathy: vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling alone versus inverted ILM flap ‘plug’ versus autologous scleral ‘plug’. Br J Ophthalmol. 2020 Feb 6. [Epub]
  38. Rupesh A, Ding J, Sen P, Rousselot A, Chan A, Nivison-Smith L, Wei X, Mahajan S, Kim R, Mishra C, Agarwal M, Suh MH, Luthra S, Munk MR, Cheung CY, Gupta V. Exploring choroidal angioarchitecture in health and disease using choroidal vascularity index. Prog Ret Eye Res. 2020 Jan 10;100829.
  39. Bhalla S, Soni T, Joshi M, Sharma VK, Mishra R, Mohan V, Unnikrishnan R, Kim R, Murthy GVS, Prabhakaran D, Rani PK, Rajalakshmi R. A partnership model for capacity-building of primary care physicians in evidence-based management of diabetic retinopathy in India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:S67-S69.
  40. Raman R, Krishnan R, Kim R, Natarajan S. Diabetic retinopathy: A right time to intervene. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:305-306.
  41. Mishra C, Ramasamy K. Commentary: A novel, standardized, reproducible method to calculate the area of internal limiting membrane peeled intraoperatively in macular hole surgery using a video overlay: A long-term study in cases of idiopathic macular holes. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:163.
  42. Mishra C, Ramasamy K. Commentary: Enterobacter endophthalmitis: Clinical settings, susceptibility profile, and management outcomes across two decades. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020;68:116-117.
  43. Kannan NB, Sen S, Mishra C, Lalitha P, Rameshkumar G, Rajan RP, Karthik Kumar A, Kim R. Comparative Study of Microbiological Profile and Management Outcomes of Acute Endophthalmitis after Microincision Vitrectomy Surgery versus Intravitreal Injections. OculImmunolInflamm. 2020 Jan 3. [Epub]
  44. Babu N, Kohli P, Jena S, Kim R. Utility of digitally assisted vitreoretinal surgery systems (DAVS) for high-volume vitreoretinal surgery centre: a pilot study. Br J Ophthalmol. 2020;104:432-436.
  45. Karthik Kumar, Chitaranjan Mishra, Rupa A, Naresh Babu K, Kim R. Reversible blindness in a patient with closantel toxicity. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019;67:1768-1771
  46. Chitaranjan Mishra, Kim R, Poonam Rai. Direct view of ciliary processes associated with severe subluxation of crystalline lens. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019;67:1881.
  47. Chitaranjan Mishra, Naresh Babu K, Kim R, Dhipak Arthur B. Retinal astrocytic hamartoma in tuberous sclerosis. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2019;10:753-4.
  48. Khedekar A, Bharanidharan D, Kim R, Muthukkaruppan V, Usha Kim. Smartphone-based application improves the detection of retinoblastoma. Eye (Lond). 2019;33:896-901.
  49. Sanil Joseph, Kim R, Ravindran RD, Fletcher AE, Thulasiraj RD. Effectiveness of Teleretinal Imaging–Based Hospital Referral Compared With Universal Referral in Identifying Diabetic Retinopathy: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial.JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137:786-792.
  50. Gulshan V, Renu P Rajan, Widner K, Wu D, Wubbels P, Rhodes T, Whitehouse K, Coram M, Corrado G, Kim R, Raman R, Peng L, Webster DR. Performance of a Deep-Learning Algorithm vs Manual Grading for Detecting Diabetic Retinopathy in India. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137:987-993.
  51. Naresh Babu K,PiyushKohli, Suresh P,Ilango K, Kim R. A rare case of monocular visual loss after spinal surgery in prone position with adequate eye protection. Indian J Neurosurg. 2019;8:57–60.
  52. Amit Kumar D, Naresh Babu K, Kim R, Chitaranjan Mishra.Double ring sign in optic nerve head hypoplasia. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019;67:1187.
  53. Rajan RP, Amit Kumar D, Naresh Babu K, Kim R. Bilateral optic nerve aplasia with corpus callosum hypogenesis in an otherwise healthy child: Report of a rare case. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019;67:1231-1233.
  54. Chitaranjan Mishra, Naresh Babu K, Piyush Kohli, Kim R. Ultra-wide field imaging of nucleus drop in vitreous. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019;67:1343.
  55. Naresh Babu K, Jayant Kumar, Piyush Kohli, Kim R.Perfluoro‑n‑octane‑assisted mega Weiss‑ring technique for posterior vitreous detachment induction in retinal detachment. Indian JOphthalmol. 2019;67:1463-1465.
  56. Wei X, Chitaranjan Mishra, Naresh Babu K, Holder GE, Khandelwal N, Kim R, Agrawal R. Choroidal structural analysis and vascularity index in retinal dystrophies. Acta Ophthalmol. 2019;97:e116-e121.
  57. Manish Tandon, Vishal MY, Piyush Kohli, Renu P Rajan, Kim R. Supplemental Laser for Eyes Treated with Bevacizumab Monotherapy in Severe Retinopathy of Prematurity. Ophthalmology Retina. 2018;2:623-628.
  58. Chitaranjan Mishra, Sundar T, Srinivas S, Naresh Babu K, Kim R. Hydrochlorothiazide Sensitised Acetazolamide induced Bilateral Angle Closure Glaucoma with Choroidal Detachment after Cataract Surgery. J ClinDiagn Res. 2018;12:ND04-ND06.
  59. Naresh Babu K, Piyush Kohli, Haemoglobin Parida, Adenuga OO, Kim R Comparative study of inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap and ILM peeling technique in large macular holes: a randomized-control trial. BMC Ophthalmol. 2018;18:177.
  60. MY Vishal, Naresh Babu K, Piyush Kohli, Anand R, Kim R. Retrospective study of changes in ocular coherence tomography characteristics after failed macular hole surgery and outcomes of fluid-gas exchange for persistent macular hole. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018;66:1130-1135.
  61. Naresh Babu K, Piyush Kohli, Pangtey BPS, Kim R. Evaluation of Sutureless, Glueless, Flapless, Intrascleral Fixated Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lens in Children with EctopiaLentis. J Ophthalmol. 2018;2018:3212740.
  62. Kim R, Chitaranjan Mishra. Commentary: Role of hyperhomocysteinemia in proliferative diabetic retinopathy: A case-control study. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 ;66:1440.
  63. Pangtey BP, PiyushKohli, Kim R. Wyburn–Mason syndrome presenting with bilateral retinal racemose hemangioma with unilateral serous retinal detachment. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018;66:1869-71
  64. Gupta C, Tan R, Chitaranjan Mishra, Khandelwal N, Raman R, Kim R, Agrawal R, Sen P. Choroidal structural analysis in eyes with diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema-A novel OCT based imaging biomarker. PLoS One. 2018;13:e0207435.
  65. Naresh Babu K, Piyush Kohli, Obuli RN, Kim R. Comparison of Surgical Performance of Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling Using a 3-D Visualization System with Conventional Microscope.Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018;49:941-945.
  66. Zhou, Y Li, S, Huang, L, Yang, Y, Zhang, L, Yang, M, Liu, W, Kim R, Jiang, Z, Sundaresan, P, Zhu, X, Yang, Z.A Splicing Mutation in Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Associated with Retinitis Pigmentosa. Hum Mol Genet.2018;27:2563-2572.
  67. Wei X, Sonoda S, Mishra C, Khandelwal N, Kim R, Sakamoto T, Agrawal R.Comparison of Choroidal Vascularity Markers on Optical Coherence Tomography Using Two-Image Binarization Techniques. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci.2018;59:1206-1211.
  68. Chitaranjan Mishra, Lalitha P, Rameshkumar G, Agrawal R, Balne PK, Iswarya M, Naresh Babu K, Kim R. Incidence of Endophthalmitis after Intravitreal Injections: Risk Factors, Microbiology Profile, and Clinical Outcomes. 2018;26:559-568.
  69. Golnik, K C Law, J C,Kim R, Mahmoud, T H, Okonkwo, O N, Singh, J, Arevalo, J F.The Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubricfor Vitrectomy.Retina.2017;37:1797-1804.
  70. Gowthaman, G Saumi Mathews, Karthik, S,Kim R,Sundaresan, P.Establishment of Human Retinal Mitoscriptome Gene ExpressionSignature for Diabetic Retinopathy using Cadaver Eyes. Mitochondrion.2017;36:150-181.
  71. Gulshan, V Peng, L, Coram, M,Stumpe, M C, Wu, D,Narayanaswamy, A,Venugopalan, S,Widner, K, Madams, T,Cuadros, J,Kim R, Raman, R, Nelson, P C, Mega, J L, Webster, D R.Development and Validation of aDeep Learning Algorithm for Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Fundus Photographs.JAMA.2016 Dec 13;316(22):2402-2410.
  72. Yang, Y Yang, Y, Huang, L,Zhai, Y, Li, J, Jiang, Z, Gong, B, Fang,H,Kim R, Yang, Z,Sundaresan, P, Zhu, X, Zhou, Y.Whole ExomeSequencing Identified Novel CRB1 Mutations in Chinese and IndianPopulations with Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa.Sci Rep.2016;6:33681.
  73. Zhang, L Yang, Y, Li, S, Tai, Z, Huang, L, Liu, Y, Zhu, X, Di, Y, Qu,C, Jiang, Z, Li, Y, Zhang, G,Kim R,Sundaresan, P, Yang, Z, Zhu, X.Whole Exome Sequencing Analysis Identifies Mutations in LRP5 inIndian Families with Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy.Genet TestMol Biomarkers.2016;20:346-351.
  74. Naresh, Kannan B Adenuga, O O, Karthik Kumar,Kim R.Outcome of 2 ccPure Sulfur Hexafluoride Gas Tamponade for Macular Hole Surgery.BMCOphthalmol.2016;16:73.
  75. Rodrigues, I A Sprinkhuizen, S M,Barthelmes, D,Blumenkranz, M, Cheung, G, Haller, J, Johnston, R,Kim R,Klaver, C,McKibbin, M,Ngah, N F, Pershing, S, Shankar, D, Tamura, H,Tufail, H,Tufai, A, Weng, C Y,Westborg, I,Yelf, C, Yoshimura, N,Gillies, M C.Defininga Minimum Set of Standarized Patient-Centered Outcomes Measures forMacular Degeneration.Am J Ophthalmol.2016;168:1-12.
  76. Naresh, Kannan B Adenuga, Olukorede O, Renu, P Rajan,Kim R.Management of Ocular Siderosis: visual outcome andelectroretinographic changes.J Ophthalmol.2016:7272465.
  77. Di, Y Huang, L,Sundaresan, P, Li, S,Kim R,Saikia, B Ballav, Qu,C, Zhu, X, Zhou, Y, Jiang, Z, Zhang, L, Lin, Y, Zhang, D, Li, Y, Zhang, H, Yin, Y, Lu, F, Zhu, X, Yang, Z.Whole-Exome Sequencing Analysis Identifies Mutations in the EYS Gene in Retinitis Pigmentosain the Indian Population.Sci Rep.2016:19432.
  78. Harshey, Kaustubh B Karthik, S, Ramakrishnan, R,Kim R.Unilateral Crystalline Vitreoretinopathy: a rare entry associated with intraocular inflammation.Case Rep Ophthalmol Med.2015; 2015: 460564.
  79. Burdon, K P Fogarty, R D, Shen, W,Abhary, S,Kaidonis, G,Appukuttan, B, Hewitt, A W, Sharma, S, Daniell, M, Essex, R W, Chang,J H,Klebe, S, Lake, S R, Pal, B, Jenkins, A, Govindarajan, G,Sundaresan, P,Lamoureux, E L,Kim R,Pefkianaki, M,Hykin, P G, Petrovsky, N, Brown, M A,Gillies, M C, Craig, J E.Genome-WideAssociation Study for Sight-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy RevealsAssociation with Genetic Variation Near the GRB2 Gene.Diabetologia.2015;58:2288-2297.
  80. Das, T Raman, R,Kim R, Rani, P K.Telemedicine in DiabeticRetinopathy: current status and future directions.Middle East Afr JOphthalmol.2015;22:174-178.
  81. Murugeswari, P Shukla, Dhananjay,Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P, Stitt, AW,Muthukkaruppan, V R.Angiogenic Potential of Vitreous from Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy and Eales Disease Patients. PLOSOne.2014;9:e107551.
  82. Naresh, Kannan B Parag, K Shah, Narendran, V, Kalpana, Narendran, Kim R.An Easy Method to Raise the 25-Gauge Trocar and Cannula Systemfor Retinopathy of Prematurity-Related Lens-Sparing Vitrectomy.Retina.2014;34:1014-1015.
  83. Manish Tandon Shukla, Dhananjay,Rubina Huda,Kim R.PigmentedParavenousChorioretinal Atrophy with Coat’s Like Response.Indian JOphthalmol.2013;61:586-588.
  84. Kim R, Rajiv Raman and Manish Tandon.Current State of Care forDiabetic Retinopathy in India.CurrDiab Rep.2013;13:460-468.
  85. Joseph, Cornelia Reena Lalitha, Prajna,Kavitha, R Sivaraman,Kim R, Umesh Chandra Behera.Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction in theDiagnosis of Acute Postoperative Endophthalmitis. Am J Ophthalmol.2012;153:1031-1037.
  86. Shukla, Dhananjay Jay Kalliath, Nithya, N, Naresh, Kannan B,Kim R.A Comparison of Brilliant Blue G, Trypan Blue, and Indocyanine Green Dyes to Assist Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling during Macular HoleSurgery.Retina.2011;31:2021-2025.
  87. Praveen Muraly Poonam Limbad, Karthik, S,Kim R.Single Session ofPascal versus Multiple Sessions of Conventional Laser for Panretinal Photocoagulation in Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy: a comparative study.Retina.2011;31:1359-1365.
  88. Umesh Chandra Behera, Shukla, Dhananjay,Kim R.Spectral-DomainOptical Coherence Tomography Appearance of Preretinal Aggregation ofIntravitreal Antibiotics.Retina.2010;30:1327-1328.
  89. Suganthalakshmi, BalasubbuSundaresan, P, Anand Rajendran,Kim R, Govindarajan, G,Namperumalsamy, P,Hejtmancik, J F. Association Analysis of Nine Candidate Gene Polymorphisms in Indian Patients withType 2 Diabetic Retinopathy.BMC MedGenet.2010;11:158.
  90. Anand Rajendran Gupta, S R,Brahadeesh, S,Kim R. Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Choroidal Neovascularization Associated with a Retinochoroidal Coloboma.Eye.2010;24:933-934.
  91. Naresh, Kannan B, Praveen Muraly,Kim R.Twenty-Three-GaugeTwo-Port Pars Plana Lensectomy for the Management of Ectopia Lentisin Children.Retina.2010;30:971-974.
  92. Namperumalsamy, P,Kim R, Vignesh, T P, Nithya, N,Royes, J,Gijo, T, Thulasiraj, R D,Vijayakumar, V.Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy: a population-based assessment from TheniDistrict, South India. Postgrad Med J.2009;85:643-648.
  93. Anand Rajendran, Gupta, S R,Brahadeesh, S,Kim R. Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Choroidal Neovascularization Associated with a Retinochoroidal Coloboma. Eye.2010 May;24(5):933-4.
  94. Namperumalsamy P,Kim R, Vignesh, T P, Nithya, N,Royes, J,Gijo, T, Thulasiraj, R D,Vijayakumar, V.Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy: a population-based assessment from TheniDistrict, South India.Br J Ophthalmol.2009;93:429-434.
  95. Shukla, Dhananjay Sanghamitra Kanungo, Noela Marie Prasad,Kim R.Surgical Outcomes for Vitrectomy in Eales’ Disease.Eye.2008;22:900-904.
  96. Murugeswari, P Shukla, Dhananjay, Anand Rajendren,Kim R, Namperumalsamy, P,Muthukkaruppan, V R.Proinflammatory Cytokines andAngiogenic and Anti-Angiogenic Factors in Vitreous of Patients with Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy and Eales’ Disease.Retina.2008;28:817-824.
  97. Shukla Dhananjay,SomnathChakraborthy,Umesh Chandra Behera,Kim R.Vitrectomy for Eoimacular Membrane Secondary to Adult-Onset Coats’Disease.Ophthalmic Surg lasers Imaging.2008;39:239-401.
  98. Shukla Dhananjay, Aiello, L P,Chandramohan, C,SathishBadella,Jager, R D,Kim R.Relation of Optical Coherence Tomography andUnusual Angiographic Leakage Patterns in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. Eye.2008;22:592-596.
  99. Singh, Ramandeep, Kim R, Abraham, Chandran, Gupta, Vishali, Gupta, Amod. Diabetic Retinopathy: An Update.Indian J Ophthalmol.2008;56:179-188.
  100. Shukla, Dhananjay Chandramohan, K,Vignesh, T P, Karthik Prakash, Kim R. Transpupillary Thermotherapy for Subfoveal Leaks in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy.Eye.2008;22:100-106.
  101. Sanghamitra Kanungo, Shukla, Dhananjay and Kim R.Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion Secondary to Dengue Fever.Indian J Ophthalmol.2008;56:73-74.
  102. Kim R,Ilango, K and SanghamitraKanungo.Retinal Problems Leadingto Low Vision Aids.Points De Vue.2007;57.
  103. Bai, ThulsiMurali, V,Kim R, Srivatsa, S K.Teleophthalmology-BasedRural Eye Care in India.Telemedicine and e-Health.2007;13:313-321.
  104. Kim R.Introduction, Mechanism of Action and Rationale for Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor drugs in Age-related Macular Degeneration. Indian J Ophthalmol.2007;55:413-415.
  105. Umesh Chandra Behera, Shukla, Dhananjay and Kim R.Pseudoduplication of Fovea in a Human Eye.Arch Ophthal.2007;125:1428-1429.
  106. Shukla, Dhananjay,Kim R. Vitrectomy for Circumscribed Choroidal Hemangioma with Exudative Retinal Detachment Refractory to Transpupillary Thermotherapy.Indian J Ophthalmol.2007;55:298-299.
  107. Shukla, Dhananjay, Rajkumar Maheshwari and Kim R.Barrage Laser Photocoagulation for Macula-Sparing Asymptomatic Clinical Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachments.Eye.2007;21:742-745.
  108. Namperumalsamy, P Noela Marie Prasad, Sathya, Shankar,Kim R.Software from Reading and Grading Diabetic Retinopathy: ADRES 3.0.Diabetes Care.2007;30:2302-2306.
  109. Shukla, Dhananjay Chandramohan, K, Anand Rajendran, Nitin Deshpande,Kim R.Evolution and Management of Diabetic Tractional Papillopathy: an optical coherence tomographic study.Eye.2007;21:569-571.
  110. Vasumathy, V and Kim R.Pigmented epiretinal membranes caused by RPEmigration: OCT-based observational case reports.Indian J Ophthalmol.2007;55:148-149.
  111. Suganthalakshmi, Balasubbu Anand Rajendran, Shukla, Dhananjay,Kim R,Nallathambi, J,Sundaresan, P.Genetic variations in the hotspotregion of RSI Gene in Indian patients with Juvenile X-Linkedretinoschisis.Mol Vis.2006;19:611-617.
  112. Shukla, Dhananjay, Anand Rajendran and Kim R.Macular Hole Formationand Spontaneous Closure after Vitrectomy for Central Retinal VeinOcclusion.Graefes Arch ClinExp Ophthalmol.2006;244:1350-1352.
  113. Shukla, Dhananjay Naresh, Kannan B, Anand Rajendran, Kim R. MacularHole Secondary to X-Linked Retinoschisis.Eye. 2006;20:1459-1461.
  114. Shukla, DhananjayDhoble, P,Jager, R D, Aiello, L P,Kim R.Closureof Macular Hole following Vitrectomy for Diabetic Tractional Macular Detachment. Eye.2006;20:1386-1388.
  115. Shukla, Dhananjay, Rao, N V and Kim R.Massive Haemorrhagic Retinal Detachment after Transpupillary Thermotherapy for ChoroidalNeovascularisation.Eye.2006;20:1330-1332.
  116. Vasumathy, V.Vitreous and Aqueous Penetration of Orally AdministeredMoxifloxacin in Humans.Eye.2006;20:1273-1278.
  117. Vasumathy,V Mukesh Mohan Vats,Sathya, J Kakade,Kim R.DiffuseUnilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis with Unusual Findings.Am JOphthalmol.2006;142:880-883.
  118. Shukla, Dhananjay Amit Arora,Hadi, M Khazaei, Mahesh Kumar,Sathish Badella, Kim R.Combined Central Retinal Artery and Vein Occlusion secondary to Systemic non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.Indian J Ophthalmol. 2006;54:204-206.
  119. Vasumathy, V,Kim R. Intravitreal Injection of Triamcinolone Acetonide for Diabetic Macular Edema: principles and practice. IndianJ Ophthalmol.2006;54:133-137.
  120. Shukla, Dhananjay,Kim R.Giant Nodular Posterior ScleritisSimulating Choroidal Melanoma.Indian J Ophthalmol.2006;54:120-122.
  121. Suganthalakshmi, Balasubbu Anand Rajendran,Kim R,Mahalakshmi,Rajendran, Karthik Prakash,Namperumalsamy, P, Sundaresan, P.Association of VEGF and eNOS Gene Polymorphisms in Type 2 DiabeticRetinopathy.Mol Vis.2006;12:336-341.
  122. Shukla, Dhananjay, Rajeev Tanawade, G and Kim R.TranspupillaryThermotherapy for Subfoveal Choroidal Neovascular Membrane inChoroidal Osteoma.Eye.2006;20:845-846.
  123. Vasumathy, V,Kim R.Atypical Manifestations of Acute PosteriorMultifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy.Indian J Ophthalmol.2006;54:49-52.
  124. Vasumathy, V Praveen, K Nirmalan,Kim R, Karthik Prakash, Namperumalsamy, P.Clinico-Microbiological Profile and Visual Outcomesof Post-Traumatic Endophthalmitis at a Tertiary Eye Care Center inSouth India.Indian J Ophthalmol.2006;54:5-10.
  125. Suganthalakshmi, Balasubbu Anand Rajendran,Kim R,Namperumalsamy,P,Sundaresan, P.Emerging Patterns of Possible Potential CandidateGene Polymorphisms Associated with Diabetic Retinopathy – A Review. Asian J ExpSci.2006;20:15-28.
  126. Vasumathy, V Lalitha, Prajna,Velpandian, T,Ghose, S,Mahalakshmi,Rajendran, Kim R.Vitreous and Aqueous Penetration of OrallyAdministered Moxifloxacin in Humans.Eye.2005;19:1-6.
  127. Lalitha, PrajnaJyothsna, Rajagopalan, Karthik Prakash,Kim R, Prajna, N Venkatesh, Srinivasan, M.PostcataractEndophthalmitis inSouth India: incidence and outcome.Ophthalmology.2005;112:1885-1890.
  128. Vasumathy, V,Chandramohan, K and Kim R.Treatment of PolypoidalChoroidal Vasculopathy with Transpupillary Thermotherapy: aninterventional case report.Eye.2005;19:915-917.
  129. Shukla, Dhananjay,; Naresh, Kannan B and Kim R.Optical CoherenceTomography Findings in Valsalva Retinopathy.Am J Ophthalmol.2005;140:134-136.
  130. Vasumathy, V, Praveen Krishna, R and Kim R.Hypotensive Retinopathyin Takayasu’s Arteritis.Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging.2005;36:240-244.
  131. Vasumathy, V, Deepak Agrawal and Kim R.PremacularHaemorrhageAssociated with Arteriovenous Communications of the Retina Induced bya Valsalva-Like Mechanism: an observational case report.Indian JOphthalmol.2005;53:128-130.
  132. Vasumathy, V Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P, Cunningham Jr., Emmett T.Double Prepapillary Arterial Loops Associated with Superior BranchMacular Artery Occlusion.Indian J Ophthalmol.2005;53:126-128.
  133. Vasumathy, V,Kim R.Spontaneous Improvement of Serous MaculopathyAssociated with Congenital Optic Disc Pit: an OCT study.Eye.2005;19:596-599.
  134. Shukla, DhananjayShamik Anil Ambatkar,JitendraJethani, Kim R.Optical Coherence Tomography in Presumed Congenital Simple Hamartomaof Retinal Pigment Epithelium.Am J Ophthalmol.2005;139:945-947.
  135. Haripriya, Aravind Lalitha, Prajna,Minu, M Mathen,Prajna, NVenkatesh, Kim R, Shukla, Dhananjay,Natchiar, G, Srinivasan, M. Nocardia Endophthalmitis after Cataract Surgery: clinicomicrobiological study.Am J Ophthalmol.2005;139:837-846.
  136. Vasumathy, V Kim R,Ganesan, S, Usha, Kim R.Hemiretinal VeinOcclusion Associated with Pseudotumour Orbit: an observational casereport.Eye.2005;19:353-356.
  137. Vasumathy, V,Chandramohan, K and Kim R.Persistent Depot ofTriamcinolone Acetonide after a Single Intravitreal Injection.IndianJ Ophthalmol.2005;53:65-66.
  138. Vasumathy, V,Kim R.Optical Coherence Tomography in Best’s Disease:an observational case report.Am J Ophthalmol.2005;139:351-353.
  139. Shukla, Dhananjay Amit Arora,Shamik Anil Ambatkar,Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P.Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in AcuteMacular Neuroretinopathy.Eye.2005;19:107-108.
  140. Venkatesh, R Muralikrishnan, R,Eong, Kah-Guan Au, Saw, Seang-Mei, Aravind, S, Jacob Mathew,Kim R; Prajna, N Venkatesh.VisualExperience during Phacoemulsification under Topical versusRetrobulbar Anesthesia: results of a prospective, randomized,controlled trial.Am J Ophthalmol.2004;138:782-787.
  141. Namperumalsamy, P Kim R,Kaliaperumal, K,Sekar, A,Karthika,Arumugam, Praveen, K Nirmalan.A Pilot Study on Awareness of DiabeticRetinopathy among Non-Medical Persons in South India: the challengefor eye care programmes in the region.Indian J Ophthalmol.2004;52:247-251.
  142. Shukla, DhananjayChandramohan, K, Jatinder Singh, Rajesh Kumar John, Manoj, S,Banushree, R,Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P.Macular Ischaemiaas a Marker for Nephropathy in Diabetic Retinopathy. Indian JOphthalmol.2004;52:205-210.
  143. Shukla, DhananjayChandramohan, K,Nageswara Rao,Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P, Cunningham Jr., Emmett T.Posterior Scleritis causing Combined Central Retinal Artery and Vein Occlusion.Retina.2004;24:467-469.
  144. Shukla, Dhananjay Jatinder Singh,Chandramohan, K,Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P.Transpupillary Thermotherapy for SubfovealNeovascularization Secondary to Group 2A Idiopathic JuxtafoveolarTelangiectasis.Am J Ophthalmol.2004;138:147-149.
  145. Praveen, K Nirmalan Katz, Joanne, Robin, Alan L,Tielsch, James M, Namperumalsamy, P,Kim R; Narendran, V, Ramakrishnan, R,Krishnadas,R; Thulasiraj, R D; Suan, Eric.Prevalence of Vitreoretinal Disordersin a Rural Population of Southern India: the Aravind comprehensiveeye study.Arch Ophthal.2004;122:581-586.
  146. Shukla, Dhananjay Anand Rajendran, Jatinder Singh,Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P, Cunningham Jr., Emmett T.Atypical Manifestationsof Diabetic Retinopathy.CurrOpin Ophthalmol.2003;14:371-377.
  147. Chandramohan K, Shukla Dhananjay,Namperumalsamy P,Kim R.Management of Age-Related Macular Degeneration.J Indian Med Assoc.2003;101:471-476.
  148. Namperumalsamy P, Praveen, K Nirmalan and Kim R.Developing aScreening Program to Detect Sight-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy inSouth India.Diabetes Care.2003;26:1831-1835.
  149. Shukla, Dhananjay, Jatinder Singh,Sudheer, G, Manoj, S, Rajesh KumarJohn, Kim R,Namperumalsamy, P.Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy(FEVR): clinical profile and management.Indian J Ophthalmol.2003;51:323-328.
  150. Kim R.Dense Premacular Hemorrhage from a Retinal MacroaneurysmTreated by Argon Laser.Retina.2001;21:192.
  151. Sathish, S Mridula, A P,Kim R,MeenaChakrabarti; Namperumalsamy, P.Congenital Retinal Arterial Loops and Spontaneous VitreousHaemorrhage: a case report.Indian J Ophthalmol.1999;47:197-198.
  152. Prajna, N VenkateshChandrakanth, K S,Kim R,Narendran, V,Selvakumar, Selvi; Rohini, G; Manoharan, N; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I; Ellwein, Leon B; Kupfer, Carl.The Madurai Intraocular Lens Study II:clinical outcomes.Am. J. Ophthalmol.1998;125:14-25.
  153. Dinesh, K Sahu Namperumalsamy, P,Kim R,Ravindran, R D.Argon LaserTreatment for Premacular Hemorrhage.Retina.1998;18:79-81.


Non-Peer Reviewed Journals

  1. Kannan NB, Adenuga OO, Renu RP, Ramasamy K. Sutureless scleral fixated three-piece intraocular lens in the management of dislocated capsular bag–capsular tension ring–intraocular lens complex. J Clin Ophthalmol Res 2020;8:35-7.
  2. Babu N, Kohli P, Shekhar M, Ramasamy K. Repositioning of inadvertent intralenticularozurdex. Kerala J Ophthalmol 2020;32:73-75.
  3. Karthik Kumar, PiyushKohli, Naresh Babu, Soumya Jena, Kim R. Outcome of early and late vitrectomy for retinal detachment associated with von Hippel–Lindau-related retinal capillary hemangioma. TNOA J Ophthalmic Sci Res. 2019;57:128-131.
  4. Kim R, Atul Kumar, Rajiv Raman, Raja Narayanan, Manish Nagpal, Paisan Ruamvi boonsuk, Madanagopalan VG. Expert corner – diabetic retinopathy. TNOA J Ophthalmic Sci Res. 2019;57:146-151.
  5. Ahuja AA, Adenuga OO, Jayant Kumar, Naresh Babu K, Kim R. Retinal detachment in morning glory disc anomaly: Prevalence and outcome of treatment. Niger J Ophthalmol 2018;26:128-32.
  6. Adenuga OO, Naresh Babu K, Ahuja AA, Kim R. Ocular trauma from fireworks during diwali festival. Niger J Ophthalmol 2018;26:51-5.
  7. Naresh Babu K, Praveen Subudhi, Renu P Rajan, Kim R. Inverse Drainage of Premacular Hemorrhage with NdYAG Hyaloidotomy and Intravitreal SF6 Injection. TNOA. 2014;52:290-293.
  8. Kim R, BhanuPangtey. Management of Age Related Macular Degeneration. TNOA. 2014;52:208-214.
  9. Kim R, Aditi Patwardhan. Central Retinal Vein Occlusion. TNOA. 2010;48:21-25.
  10. Vasumathy V, Sathya J Kakade, Kim R. Cystoid Retinal Degeneration (Pseudo-Schisis) in CSCR.TNOA. 2006;44:38-40.
  11. Parag K Shah, Mamatha SR, HrishekeshTalwadkar, Chandramohan K, Anil R, Shukla Dhananjay, Manoj S, Rodney J Morris, Kim R, Namperumalsamy P. Anatomical and Visual Outcome of Paediatric Retinal Detachments following Primary Buckle Surgery. TNOA. 2004;43B:92-96.
  12. Rajasekhar, Kim R, Rodney J Morris. Intraocular Cysticercosis and it’s Management. TNOA. 2002;43:80-81.
  13. Meena Gopinath, Gandhewar, Ravi, Kim R. Purtscher’s Retinopathy – A Case Report.TNOA. 1999;40:41-42.
  14. Kim R, Hilton, George F, Namperumalsamy, P. Intravitreal Injection of Fluorescein for Clear – Vitreous Vitrectomy. TNOA. 1999;40:23-25.
  15. Saraswati A, John Mathews, Kim R. Case Report – Radiation Retinopathy. TNOA. 1998;39:33-36.
  16. Dinesh K Sahu, Mamatha SR, Kim R, Namperumalsamy P. Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy (APMPPE) – Characteristics and Differential Diagnosis.TNOA. 1997;36:23-28.
  17. Kim R, MeenaChakrabarti andNamperumalsamy P. Ocular Cysticercosis-Management in 4 Cases. TNOA. 1995;33:53-55.
  18. Kim R, Ramakrishnan R, Krishnadas R. Argon Laser Photocoagulation in Glaucomas with Exfoliation Syndrome.TNOA. 1992;30:43-46.
  • Lifetime Achievement Award at the 33rd Asia-Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology (APAO) Congress held at Hong Kong.
  • Best Doctor Award by the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University at the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the University.
  • Dr. Sudha Sutaria Vitreo Retinal Oration Award – Vidharbha Ophthalmic Society, Nagpur.
  • Dr. Rustom Ranji Oration Award at the Annual Meeting of Andhra Pradesh Ophthalmological Society.
  • Rhett Buckler Award for the best video screened at ASRS (American Society of Retina Specialists) film festival held at Vancouver, Canada.