Neuro-ophthalmic examination is very comprehensive and includes the following: Visual acuity testing , visual field testing, ocular motility examination, colour vision testing , diplopia charting, Hess charting, X Ray of the skull, and if necessary a CT scan or MRI.
Depending on the condition and the nature of the underlying problem in the brain, if any, the neuro-ophthalmologist will either treat the condition in the hospital itself or refer appropriately to either a neuro-physician or a neurosurgeon.
Typical conditions treated:
- Visual loss due to optic neuritis, traumatic optic neuropathy, Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy
- Visual field defects due to neurological disorders like stroke, intracranial tumors, hemorrhage in the brain, injuries
- Pupillary abnormalities
- Double vision due to cranial nerve palsies
- Papilledema due to raised intracranial pressure.
- Ocular myasthenia
An advanced neuro ophthalmic care named Optic Nerve Sheath Decompression is available at Aravind for the treatment of Chronic Papilledema not responding to medical therapy. Papilledema is condition where there is swelling of the optic nerve sheath due to increase in the intra cranial pressure.